The Green Sea Turtle which is popularly known for its hard-shelled body is one of the largest sea turtle in the world. It belongs to the Cheloniidae family and its domain is Chelonia mydas.
Green Sea Turtles are often found in the subtropical and tropical seas. They live in warm shallow water as they are cold-blooded animals and cannot produce heat within the body themselves. They are called by the name Green Sea Turtle because of the fat within their body under the carapace. They are reptiles, ancestors of whose used to evolve in the land once and went back to the water for living. Green Sea Turtles also observed the evolvement of the dinosaurs.
They have a beautiful flat carapace which could be of various colors. Green Sea Turtles need oxygen to maintain their physical activities working. They generally live under the water the majority of the time of their lifespan but they come on the sea surface to breathe-in oxygen. Their lungs are developed to provide them with the necessary supports that are required to dive underwater for quite a long time. They have two big flippers which allows them to swim in the speed of 35 mph.
They have the same enzyme as cows to digest herbs.
They pass most of their lifespan under the sea but female turtles will need to come back to the land to lay eggs. Upon maturity, turtles need to perform great migration to lay eggs. Usually male turtles don’t accompany the female turtles while laying eggs. They mate the female turtles abroad. Male turtles attempt to partner each year but female turtles usually mate every two or three years. It takes about 60 days to incubate eggs. The newborn turtles can come from the eggs themselves and head towards the sea visiting the reflection of moon on the sea water.
This mighty animal generally gets sexually mature at the age of 25 and can live up to 80 years in the wild.
This species has been jeopardized by numerous natural and human created reasons. Erosion of sea-beaches and reclamation of sea lands harm their nesting places. Unplanned tree plantation in the sea beach causes the disruption in the proportion of the female and male turtles because the sex of turtles are determined by the incubator temperature which can be varied with the shade of the trees. Artificial light sources near the sea beach also hamper the proper hatching procedure. Pollution of water causes some severe diseases to the turtles. It creates tumor which leads to a disease known as fibropapillomatosis. In any case, because of being caught by people and eaten by predators such as shark, crab, sea fish, birds, they’re getting extinct day by day.